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Bibliographic References

Biography

Genealogy Wynnes

Charlemagne Lineage

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

BIBLIOGRAPHY MAGNA CHARTA BARONS

  • Richard Thomson:  An Historical Essay on the Magna Charta of King John, London, 1829
  • Sidney Lee (ed.) The Dictionary of National Biography, London, 1894
  • A.C. Fox-Davies:  A Complete Guide to Heraldry, London, 1909
  • The Book of History (18 Volumes), London, 1914
  • G. A. Moriarty:  The Companions of the Conqueror, The American Genealogist, Oct. 1944.
  • Florence Van Renssalaer:  The Livingston Family and Its Scottish Origins, New York, 1949
  • The Pictorial Encyclopedia of the World (18 Volumes), New York, 1954
  • David C.Douglas:  William the Conqueror, Berkeley, California, 1964
  • Kenneth M. Setton (ed.) The Age of Chivalry, National Geographic Society, 1969
  • Sidney Painter:  William Marshal, Toronto:  University of Toronto Press, 1982
  • George Andrews Moriarty: The Plantagenet Ancestry of King Edward III and Queen Philippa, Mormon Pioneer Genealogical Society, Salt Lake City, Utah, 1985.
  • Paul Johnson:  Castles of England, Scotland and Wales, London, 1989
  • Wales Tourist Board:  Welsh Castles & Historic Places, Cardiff, 1990
  • Berhard Grun, The Timetables of History, New York, 1991
  • Fredrick Lewis Weis:  The Magna Charta Sureties, 1215, Baltimore, 1991
  • Microsoft Encarta Encyclopædia 99, © 1993-1998 Microsoft Corporation
  • W. Darcy McKeough, The McKeough Family Tree, Section #45, Stewart, 1997
  • World Book Millenium 2000 Deluxe Edition, © 1999 World Book Inc., © IBM Corp.
  • Norman F. Cantor (ed.) The Encyclopædia of the Middle Ages, New York, 1999
  • Frederick L. Weis and Walter L. Sheppard:  Ancestral Roots, 7th Edition, Baltimore, 1999
  • Douglas Richardson: Plantagenet Ancestry, Baltimore, 2004
  • Douglas Richardson: Magna Carta Ancestry, Baltimore, 2005
  • Marc Morris: The Bigod Earls of Norfolk in the Thirteenth Century, Woodbridge, Suffolk, 2005
  • Sewell Vincent Sample:  Letters
  • Brian Tompsett, Royal Genealogical Data, http://www.dcs.hull.ac.uk/public/genealogy/royal/
  • M. W. Cook:  Castles and Abbeys, http://www.castles-abbeys.co.uk
  • Electric Library's Enyclopedia.Com,http://www.encyclopedia.com/
  • Periodical Historical Atlas of Europehttp://www.euratlas.com
  • Jeffrey L. Thomas, The Castles of Wales, http://www.castlewales.com/home.html
  • Hall of Names:  Coat of Arms Search, http://www.traceit.com/hon/hocpage2.htm
  • James P. Wolf:  Heraldry on the Internet, http://digiserve.com/heraldry/
  • Paul Halsall, Internet Mediæval Sourcebook, http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/sbook.html
  • The Online Reference Book for Mediæval Studies, http://orb.rhodes.edu/ (not available July 2006)
  • Companions of Duke William in 1066, http://www.infokey.com/hon/norman.htm
  • Barons of the Magna Charta, http://www.infokey.com/hon/baron1.htm


 

 

 

 

Thoms Wynne Geneology & History

This is one of two web sites designed to provide genealogical and historical information
focusing on Thomas Wynne (see Biography) and his lineage which descends from the
Emperor Charlemagne. Several of his descendants were able to prove this lineage and become members of the Order of the Crown of Charlemagne, The Military Order of the Crusades and Magna Charta Barons and Dames. Famous ancestors of Thomas Wynne include, Fulk V of Anjou, King of Jerusalem, and father of the Geoffrey Plantagenet who married Matilda, the daugher of King Henry I of England and, beginning with their son Henry II, became the ancestor of a line of English Plantagenet Kings which ended with Richard III (1452-1485).


Wynne Coat of Arms

The 11th Century Coat of Arms of Ednowain Bendow -

Head of the 13th Tribe of Wales - an Ancestor of Thomas Wynne

For Information about the Order of the Crown of Charlemagne

Click Here

Thomas Wynne's first wife was Martha Buttall

1 Martha BUTTALL b: ABT 1627 in Clwyd, Wrexham, Denbighshire, Wales
Their Children:
Mary WYNNE b: ABT 1659 in Wrexham, Denbighshire, Wales
Tabitha WYNNE b: ABT 1661 in Flint, Flintshire, Wales
Rebecca WYNNE b: ABT 1662 in Flintshire, Wales
Sidney WYNNE b: ABT 1664 in Wrexham, Denbighshire, Flintshire, Wales
Hannah WYNNE b: ABT 1666 in Bron Fadoc Estate, Caerwys Township, Ysceifiog Parish, Flintshire Co., North Wales
Jonathan WYNNE b: ABT 1669 in Bron Fadoc Estate, Caerwys Township, Ysceifiog Parish, Flintshire Co., North Wales

Thomas Wynne's father was Thomas ap John Wyn, born 26 Dec in Bron Fadog,
Ysceifiog, Flintshire, Wales. He died October 1633 at Bron Fadog. He was married by
1616. Their children consisted of the following:

Anne Elizabeth Wynne born 28 June, 1617 at Bron Fadog
Harrie Wynne born 20 November, 1619 at Bron Fadog
Edward Wynne born 9 of April, 1622 at Bron Fadog
John Wynne born 13 April 1625 at Bron Fadog
THOMAS WYNNE born 20 July, 1627 at Bron Fadog, died 16 March, 1692 in
Philadelphia, Pennsylvannia. He is buried in the Arch Street Cemetery.
Peter Wynne born 30 Jan, 1631 at Bron Fadog

Wives of Thomas Wynne:
Martha Elizabeth Buttall. died abt. 1670 in Ysceifiog, Flintshire
Elizabeth Chorley, born 1637 in Rainhill, Lancashire, England, whom Thomas Wynne
married 20 July, 1676 at the Hardshaw Meeting, Rainhill, Lancashire, England.
She died before 1707, is found January, 1706 in Quaker Monthly Meeting Records,
New Town, Gloucester City, West New Jersey.


 

Biography Charlemagne
Christian Emperor of the Franks
742-814

by Rit Nosotro

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After raising it above his head, the man wielding the ax let it fall, burying its head in his victim. As he extracted the head of his ax, the tall tree swayed slightly. Soon it had fallen under the blows of the woodcutter, and other men with axes lopped off its branches and hauled it away. The trunk's large girth would serve well as one of the piles for the new bridge that Charlemagne had decided to build across the Rhine. This bridge was just one of Charlemagne's contributions to the Franks. Built entirely of wood, the bridge would last until a fire destroyed it just one year before Charlemagne's death.
But who was this Charlemagne? He was the king of the Franks, a Germanic people that inhabited Gaul. His grand-father, Charles Martel, served the king of the Franks as a sort of prime minister. He occupied the position of Mayor of the Palace but actually held most of the power of the kingdom. In 732 Charles Martel unified the Franks to defend France from Moorish invaders called the Saracens.

Historians know very little about the childhood of Charlemagne. Einhard, a historian who wrote one of the first biographies on Charlemagne around 830 wrote in his biography The Life of Charlemagne, "I consider that it would be foolish for me to write about Charlemagne's birth and childhood, or even about his boyhood, for nothing is set down in writing about this and nobody can be found still alive who claims to have any personal knowledge of these matters."

However, Einhard as well as other historians did describe Charlemagne as a man. He was tall in stature and had a muscular physic; he had a handsome face and blond hair. At all times he carried himself nobly. When he dined, he ate and drank in great moderation, despising drunkenness either in himself or in those around him. Charlemagne, a very active man, enjoyed hunting, horseback riding, and swimming. Dressing simply, Charlemagne wore the garb of the commoners with only a few vestiges of royalty such as edging of silk on his woolen tunic or an ermine vest in the winter. Only on special occasions like ceremonial processions did Charlemagne don accouterments such as those worn by most of the nobility of the day.

Charlemagne became the king of the Franks in 769. He and his brother Carloman divided the kingdom in half, but at the death of his brother in 771, Charlemagne became the sole ruler of his father's kingdom at the age of twenty-nine. As a powerful and skilled warrior, Charlemagne fought the enemies of the Franks. First of all he finished a campaign in Aquitaine that Pepin the Short had started but never fully completed. In his campaign, Charlemagne entirely subdued the fierce inhabitants of Aquitaine. In later campaigns Charlemagne would fight the Lombards, the Saxons, the Saracens, the Bretons, Bavarians, the Slavs, the Huns, the Bohemians, and the Danes. By the end of Charlemagne's reign in 814, his empire, the Holy Roman Empire, covered the modern day countries of France, Switzerland, Belgium, the Netherlands, and parts of Italy, Germany, Austria, and Spain.

Although Charlemagne waged many campaigns, one of the longest campaigns was his campaign against the Saxons which lasted thirty years. Le Chanson de Roland, one of the old French chansons de geste, records one of Charlemagne's campaigns in Spain. When Charlemagne, traveling back to France from the campaign, marched his army through the Pyrenees, the treacherous Basques who lived there ambushed his army in a narrow pass, killing several of Charlemagne's commanders as well as soldiers. However, despite his many campaigns, Charlemagne made many friends among both commoners and kings. He carefully cultivated these friendships as well.

Charlemagne also respected liberal arts in spite of his warlike nature. He spoke well and easily, had learned Latin, Greek (although he understood it better than he spoke it), and had studied grammar, rhetoric, dialectic, astrology, and mathematics. As a scholar, Charlemagne named the months and the winds, ordered scholars to write out the poetry of the times, and a grammar for his own language. Additionally he strove to encourage learning and to make it available to commoners as well as the nobility. Some of the first free schools were churches in Charlemagne's empire where the priests taught children in the churches without compensation.

Charlemagne also was a devout Christian. He supported the Church, giving liberally at his own expense as well as that of the state to support the Church and fighting to protect the Pope and the Roman Catholic Church's property in Italy. On Christmas Day in 800, Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne "Emperor and Augustus." This could have created conflict since the emperor of the Byzantine Empire already possessed this title, but Charlemagne quickly sent gifts and envoys to appease his usurpation. In reality, Charlemagne claimed that he had not known of what the Pope intended to do beforehand and would have prevented the coronation if he had. However, this action created the Holy Roman Empire, and through it, Charlemagne supposedly had the sanction of God.

Called "by far the most able and noble-spirited of all those who ruled over the nations in his time" by Einhard, Charlemagne's success came from God. When he died on January 28, 814 at the age of 72, the inscription on his tomb read, "Beneath this stone lies the body of Charles the Great, the Christian Emperor . . . " Throughout his life, Charlemagne had worshiped God devoutly, supported the Church, given to the needy (at his own expense) and even built a magnificent cathedral. In the Bible in I Samuel 2:30 God says, "Those who honor me I will honor . . . " Since Charlemagne honored God, God raised him up to lead a great nation.


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Bibliography

Chew, Robin. "Charlemagne: King of the Franks and Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire." April 1996. Online. Lucid Interactive. Google. (Retrieved 9 Oct. 2003).

Durant, Will. "King Charlemagne." History of Civilization Vol III, The Age of Faith. Online. The Knighthood, Chivalry, & Tournaments Resource Library. Google. (Retrieved 8 October, 2003).

Einhard. The Life of Charlemagne. Two Lives of Charlemagne. Trans. Lewis Thorpe. London: Penguin Books, 1969

Kimball, Charles. "A History of Europe, Chapter 7: The Viking Era, Charlemagne" 2000. Online. The Zenophile Historian. Internet. (Retrieved 11 Oct. 2003).

Notker the Stammerer. Charlemagne. Two Lives of Charlemagne Trans. Lewis Thorpe. London: Penguin Books, 1969

Winston, Richard. Charlemagne. New York: American Heritage Publishing Co., 1968